space
Sallis Chandler Landscape Designers and Gardeners
spaceDesign and Advice Garden Styles Garden Features Aftercare

Fruit

Grapes

First season: Limit growth to the tops of the posts and remove any side shoots.

Subsequent seasons: The wires need to be extended to allow the vines to cover the horizontal framework of the pergola. Train out extension growths along the wires to establish a framework over pergola. Any excess extension growth needs to be removed back to the main framework.

Annual pruning: Once a mature framework has been established, vines should be pruned regularly during the summer to control excess growth and after fruiting to re-establish the main framework.

Summer pruning: Remove all unwanted extension growths (as above). Once lateral shoots have formed 2 sets of fruit, shorten any additional growth back to the last leaf above the 2nd bunch. Remove all lateral growths that have not set fruit back to the main stem. – This will need to be repeated at intervals during the summer.

Winter/Spring pruning: Once fruit has been harvested prune all lateral shoots back to 2-3 buds from the main stem.

Raspberries

Raspberry canes can be rather floppy and, if required, should be tied into the wires on the wall behind. After the canes have fruited they need to be removed at ground level.

clematis

New canes can then be tied in, which will produce fruit the following summer. In February shorten these canes to top of the wall to encourage the development of fruiting laterals.

Fan trained apples/cherries

The basic formation of the fan is already established. However, additional ribs can be added to the fan, if there are any bare patches, by tying in strong lateral growths that are in the position. This needs to be done whilst growth is young and soft.

Summer pruning: Shorten all laterals to approx. 6" (or 4-6 buds). Remove completely any inward or crossing branches.

Autumn/winter pruning: Shorten the previously pruned laterals to 3-4" to form spurs for fruiting.

Currants/gooseberries

These are relatively easy, trouble free fruits that can be pruned if required.

Blackcurrants

Flower on wood that has been produced the previous year so all that is required in winter is to remove to ground level a proportion of the oldest wood.

Red/white currants and gooseberries

Summer pruning: Cut back unwanted laterals to 4in to allow light to reach the fruits.

Winter pruning: Create an open framework to the bush by shortening leading stems by one half to an outward facing bud. Shorten summer pruned laterals to 1".

Vines are very vigorous growers. It is important not to allow too much foliage growth as it will inhibit successful fruit ripening and the plants will quickly become congested and tangled.

Herbaceous arrow